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Viet Nam Overview   VIET NAM
                                                                     The Country at a Glance  LAND OF OPPORTUNITIES


             It is believed that the first human civilization in Viet Nam appeared in the Red River Delta about
             35,000 years ago. Legend has it that the Vietnamese are descendants of Lac Long Quan and
             Au Co, also known as the “Dragon Lord of the Seas” and the “Fairy of the Mountains”. The
             eldest son among their 100 children, Hung Vuong, set up the very first dynasty, called Van Lang,
             which has been historically recognized as the first Vietnamese state. Viet Nam went through
             several historical periods during its formation. Major dynasties include the Dinh and Le (First
             Le), and the Ly, Tran, and Le (Second Le). The Nguyen (1802-1945) was the last feudal dynasty
             as a protectorate of France since its colonization in 1858, with Bao Dai being the last emperor.

             Following  victory in  the  August Revolution in 1945, President Ho Chi Minh read  the
             Proclamation of Independence on September 2, 1945, giving birth to the Democratic Republic
             of Viet Nam. The country then endured two lengthy wars for national liberation from foreign
             occupation between 1946 and 1975, resulting in the famous victory at Dien Bien Phu in 1954,
             which subsequently ended French colonialism in Indochina, and the Great Spring Offensive
             in 1975, which reunified the country divided into two as part of the 1954 Geneva Accords.

             During its first session on July 2, 1976, the first National Assembly of the reunified Viet Nam
             approved a resolution officially changing the name of Democratic Republic of Viet Nam to the
             Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, which remains the official name of the country today.

                                                                                     Thai Hoa Palace,
                                                                                     Hue Imperial Citadel, Hue.
                                                                                     |   PHOTO: Nguyen Phong
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